Creating Binaries

Buildapp Hello Web World

A more realistic example involves a project you're building with multiple files on disk (rather than an --eval option passed to buildapp), and some dependencies to pull in.

Because arbitrary things can happen during the finding and loading of asdf systems (including loading other, potentially unrelated systems), it's not enough to just inspect the asd files of the projects you're depending on in order to find out what you need to load. The general approach is to use quicklisp to load the target system, then call ql:write-asdf-manifest-file to write out a full manifest of everything that's loaded.

Here's a toy system built with hunchentoot to illustrate how that might happen in practice:


;;;; buildapp-hello-web-world.asd

(asdf:defsystem #:buildapp-hello-web-world
  :description "An example application to use when getting familiar with buildapp"
  :author "inaimathi <leo.zovic@gmail.com>"
  :license "Expat"
  :depends-on (#:hunchentoot)
  :serial t
  :components ((:file "package")
               (:file "buildapp-hello-web-world"))
;;;; package.lisp

(defpackage #:buildapp-hello-web-world
  (:use #:cl #:hunchentoot))
;;;; buildapp-hello-web-world.lisp

(in-package #:buildapp-hello-web-world)

(define-easy-handler (hello :uri "/") ()
  (setf (hunchentoot:content-type*) "text/plain")
  "Hello Web World!")

(defun main (argv)
  (declare (ignore argv))
  (start (make-instance 'easy-acceptor :port 4242))
  (format t "Press any key to exit...~%")
  (read-char))
;;;; build.lisp
(ql:quickload :buildapp-hello-web-world)
(ql:write-asdf-manifest-file "/tmp/build-hello-web-world.manifest")
(with-open-file (s "/tmp/build-hello-web-world.manifest" :direction :output :if-exists :append)
  (format s "~a~%" (merge-pathnames
            "buildapp-hello-web-world.asd"
            (asdf/system:system-source-directory
             :buildapp-hello-web-world))))
#### build.sh
sbcl --load "build.lisp" --quit

buildapp --manifest-file /tmp/build-hello-web-world.manifest --load-system hunchentoot --load-system buildapp-hello-web-world --output hello-web-world --entry buildapp-hello-web-world:main

Once you have those files saved in a directory named buildapp-hello-web-world, you can do

$ cd buildapp-hello-web-world/

$ sh build.sh 
This is SBCL 1.3.7.nixos, an implementation of ANSI Common Lisp.
More information about SBCL is available at <http://www.sbcl.org/>.

SBCL is free software, provided as is, with absolutely no warranty.
It is mostly in the public domain; some portions are provided under
BSD-style licenses.  See the CREDITS and COPYING files in the
distribution for more information.
To load "cffi":
  Load 1 ASDF system:
    cffi
; Loading "cffi"
........
To load "buildapp-hello-web-world":
  Load 1 ASDF system:
    buildapp-hello-web-world
; Loading "buildapp-hello-web-world"
....
;; loading system "cffi"
;; loading system "hunchentoot"
;; loading system "buildapp-hello-web-world"
[undoing binding stack and other enclosing state... done]
[saving current Lisp image into hello-web-world:
writing 4800 bytes from the read-only space at 0x20000000
writing 4624 bytes from the static space at 0x20100000
writing 66027520 bytes from the dynamic space at 0x1000000000
done]

$ ls -lh hello-web-world 
-rwxr-xr-x 1 inaimathi inaimathi 64M Aug 13 21:17 hello-web-world

This produces a binary that does exactly what you think it should, given the above.

$ ./hello-web-world 
Press any key to exit...

You should then be able to fire up another shell, do curl localhost:4242 and see the plaintext response of Hello Web World! get printed out.

Buildapp Hello World

The simplest possible binary you could build

  1. Has no dependencies
  2. Takes no command line arguments
  3. Just writes "Hello world!" to stdout

After you've built buildapp, you can just...

$ buildapp --eval '(defun main (argv) (declare (ignore argv)) (write-line "Hello, world!"))' --entry main --output hello-world
[undoing binding stack and other enclosing state... done]
[saving current Lisp image into hello-world:
writing 4800 bytes from the read-only space at 0x20000000
writing 3216 bytes from the static space at 0x20100000
writing 43220992 bytes from the dynamic space at 0x1000000000
done]

$ ./hello-world 
Hello, world!

$

Building Buildapp

Standalone Common Lisp binaries can be built with buildapp. Before we can use it to generate binaries, we need to install and build it.

The easiest way I know how is using quicklisp and a Common Lisp (this example uses [sbcl], but it shouldn't make a difference which one you've got).

$ sbcl

This is SBCL 1.3.5.nixos, an implementation of ANSI Common Lisp.
More information about SBCL is available at <http://www.sbcl.org/>.

SBCL is free software, provided as is, with absolutely no warranty.
It is mostly in the public domain; some portions are provided under
BSD-style licenses.  See the CREDITS and COPYING files in the
distribution for more information.

* (ql:quickload :buildapp)
To load "buildapp":
  Load 1 ASDF system:
    buildapp
; Loading "buildapp"

(:BUILDAPP)

* (buildapp:build-buildapp)
;; loading system "buildapp"
[undoing binding stack and other enclosing state... done]
[saving current Lisp image into /home/inaimathi/buildapp:
writing 4800 bytes from the read-only space at 0x20000000
writing 3216 bytes from the static space at 0x20100000
writing 47349760 bytes from the dynamic space at 0x1000000000
done]
NIL

* (quit)

$ ls -lh buildapp 
-rwxr-xr-x 1 inaimathi inaimathi 46M Aug 13 20:12 buildapp
$

Once you have that binary built, you can use it to construct binaries of your Common Lisp programs. If you intend to do this a lot, you should also probably put it somewhere on your PATH so that you can just run it with buildapp from any directory.



2016-08-14
2016-08-14
common-lisp Pedia
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